Scientists confirm that all living beings, including wood, communicate with each other, thereby even helping one another. People are not even aware that all this is happening at their feet when walking in the woods.
Of course, this is not about the internet, it’s about fungi, as evidenced by many facts, and most biologists have started using the term “wooden net” to describe the communication services that fungi provide to plants and other organisms.
Trees around the world are symbiotically associated with underground fungi, which benefit plants. Sending mycelium, a mass of thin filaments, through the soil, fungi collect nutrients and water and return them to the plant, exchanging nutrients and water for sugar or other matter produced by photosynthesis from the plant.
A MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL EXCHANGE
Ecologist Suzanne Simard, some 20 years ago, discovered that trees communicate their needs, sending nutrients to each other through a network of fungal fungi buried in the soil. According to her, the trees “talk to each other,” using the mushroom soil network to communicate their needs and help the neighboring plants.
Her further research shows how trees talk, including fungal filigree aiding trees in alerting them to environmental changes. They are constantly looking for a relative and transferring their nutrients to neighboring plants before they die.
Underground fungi have a beneficial effect on plants and explore the soil. This is a “mycorrhiza,” which is actually a mutual and beneficial relationship that plants have in which fungi colonize the roots of plants. Mycorrhizae allow for the merging of plants that can be widely separated.
THE WOOD WIDE WEB IS EARTH’S NATURAL INTERNET
Most fungal bodies are composed of mycelium, a filament that acts as a sort of underground internet nowadays called the “wooden net.” This connection to the fungal network can help its neighbors by sharing nutrients and information or preventing unwanted toxic chemicals from spreading through plants.
Fungal networks are also important in enhancing the immune system of host plants. When the micellar network is more developed, the plants that use it are more resistant to disease.
Trees in forests are connected on various grounds, so large trees help small through the fungal Internet. Simard thinks that without this help, many seedlings would not survive. She also found that shade seedling, which is likely to lack food, get carbon from other trees.
Learn more about the harmonious, complicated social life of trees by teaching TED Topic by Suzanne Simard: embed.ted.com
Her 30 years of research in Canada’s forests show that trees talk, often over long distances.
FOUR SOLUTIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY FROM SUZANNE SIMARD
According to Simard, there are four simple solutions for more complete and sustainable forestry that could end the damage caused by felling:
1) People need to go out to their local forests more.
2) Old-growth forests must be saved because they are gene stores, mycelium networks, and stem trees.
3) Where they are cut, native trees and nets must be stored in order for them to transfer their wisdom to the next generation tree.
4) The forest must be regenerated with a diversity of species.
When more “information” is provided in the complex relationships between trees, they are better prepared to save themselves and thus the forests and help them thrive. Simard and many other scientists can help people change their perspective on working in harmony with nature. Their recommendations will also dramatically alter the trajectory of environmental disaster, and contribute to harmonious outcomes for both humans and trees.